125 years on, a glance again at Gottlieb Daimler and the world’s first truck



A five-ton truck from 1897.

The premise for right this moment’s truck

In 1898, Daimler and colleague Wilhelm Maybach moved the two-cylinder Phoenix engine from the place it had been initially positioned on the rear of the car as much as a place below the driving force’s seat; the four-gear belt drive additionally transferred ahead.

This answer nonetheless left a certain quantity to be desired, and was adopted shortly thereafter by a change that clearly distinguished it from the automotive – the engine was positioned proper on the entrance of the car, in entrance of the axle. Ten horsepower had been supplied by way of a four-gear belt drive and front-to-rear longitudinal shaft and pinion to the interior ring gears on iron wheels on the rear.

For these autos, Daimler made an important enchancment not solely to the drivetrain, however to the engine itself. As an alternative of a scorching tube ignition, the brand new low-voltage magnetic ignition from Bosch ignited the petrol-air combination within the cylinders of the two.2-litre two-cylinder engine, and the radiator had a totally new design.

First testing completed at a brickworks

Nonetheless, Daimler – in all probability due to the big variety of improvements – was cautious at first earlier than presenting his new five-tonner to the general public. The car, which was extremely trendy on the time, underwent what right this moment can be known as “buyer testing.”

For months, Daimler subjected his new five-tonner to the each day grind of labor at a brick manufacturing facility in Heidenheim, and painstakingly remedied the shortcomings it confirmed.

Worldwide success begins

The primary truck to be bought went to the house of industrialization: England. There, steam-driven autos had lengthy since made the shift from rails to the street, and didn’t die out till the Fifties. However, it was not till 1901 {that a} truck proved itself to be superior to a recent steam-driven wagon in a comparability check carried out in Liverpool.

In Paris as nicely, the Daimler truck was a welcome visitor. Gottlieb Daimler undertook the lengthy journey to publicize his new product on the world exhibition. There, an vehicle present was held within the Tuileries park, following a contest organized by the Vehicle Affiliation of France with regards to “motorized autos for metropolis journey.” On the exhibition, Daimler introduced his new five-tonner and a four-horsepower-strong belt-driven car. “Big crowds of individuals, many autos of every kind and our truck are extremely popular,” Daimler’s spouse Lina famous with satisfaction in June 1898.

The Daimler Manufacturing Company (DMFG) was an American manufacturing firm from 1898 to 1907. From 1888 to 1898, the corporate was often known as the Daimler Motor Firm (DMC), based as a part of a partnership between Gottlieb Daimler of the Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and William Steinway of the piano producers Steinway & Sons. The corporate, with its headquarters in Lengthy Island Metropolis, Queens, New York Metropolis, near the headquarters of Steinway in Astoria, bought Daimler engines for yachts and launches in addition to for business autos akin to buses and vehicles.



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